The new Express Entry system currently in place will manage the applications for Permanent Residence under following federal economic immigration programs:
1. The Federal Skilled Worker Program,
2. The Federal Skilled Trades Program,and
3. The Canadian Experience Class.
Provinces and territories will also be able to recruit candidates from the Express Entry system through their Provincial Nominee Programs, in order to meet local labour market needs.
Potential candidates can complete an Express Entry profile with their skills, work experience, language ability, education, and other details. Those who meet the criteria of one of the federal immigration programs listed above will be accepted into a pool of candidates. Anyone who does not already have a job offer supported by a Labor Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) or a nomination from a province or territory, must register with Employment and Social Development Canada’s (ESDC) Job Bank. The ESDC Job Bank will then help connect Express Entry candidates with eligible employers in Canada.
Express Entry candidates will subsequently be ranked against others in the pool, using a point-based system called the Comprehensive Ranking System. Points are awarded based on the information that has been provided in the candidate’s profile. Those candidates with the highest scores in the pool will then be issued an Invitation to Apply. If an Invitation to Apply is issued, the candidate will have 60 days to submit an online application for Permanent Residence.
Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) will process the majority of completed applications (meaning those applications that have included all necessary supporting documents) in six months or less. Candidates can stay in the pool for up to 12 months. If they do not get an Invitation to Apply for Permanent Residence within 12 months of submitting an Express Entry profile, they may submit a new profile. If they still meet the criteria, they can re-enter the pool.