Those individuals who seek to become Permanent Residents of Canada, based on qualifications in a skilled trade can apply under the Federal Trade Worker Program.
The Express Entry system was introduced in January of 2015, to manage the application process under this program. For more information on this new system, see the “Federal Skilled Worker Program” and “Canada Immigration” pages of our website.
There are some minimum requirements that must be met, in order to be eligible to apply under the Federal Trade Worker Program:
1. You plan on living outside the province of Quebec. Since the province of Quebec chooses its own skilled workers, if you plan to live in Quebec, see the “Quebec Skilled Immigration Program” for more information,
2. You meet the required levels in English or French for each language ability (speaking, reading, writing, and listening),
3. You have at least two years of full-time work experience (or an equal amount of part-time work experience)* in a skilled trade within the five years before you apply.
4. You meet all job requirements for that skilled trade as set out in the National Occupational Classification (NOC), and
5. You have an offer of full-time employment for a total period of at least one year** OR a certificate of qualification in that skilled trade issued by a provincial or territorial body***
*“Full-time work” means at least 30 hours of work over a period of one week, or an equal amount in part-time, paid work experience. For example:
If you worked 15 hours per week in one job over four years, or
If you worked a total of 30 combined hours per week in more than one job over two years.
**Up to two employers can commit to employing you for at least one year of continuous full-time work, meaning at least 30 hours of work over a period of one week.
*** In Canada, only the provinces and territories can issue certificates of qualification in the skilled trades. To get this certificate, the respective provincial or territorial skilled trades authority must assess your training, trade experience, and skills to decide if you are eligible to write an exam to be certified. You will likely have to go to the province or territory to be assessed. You may also need an employer in Canada to give you experience and training.
The following skilled trades are currently eligible for the Federal Skilled Trades Program:
Group A – Jobs with sub-caps of 100 applications each (and their corresponding 2011 NOC code)
Group B – no sub-caps (2011 NOC code)
Note: For more information, it is recommended that you visit the website of the body that governs skilled trade for the province or territory where you would like to live and work. The process may vary, depending on your location.
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